Blind predictions of the local structure of nine CASP2 targets were made using the I-sites library of short sequence--structure motifs, revealing strengths and weaknesses in this new knowledge-based method. Many turns between secondary structural elements were accurately predicted. Estimates of the confidence of prediction correlated well with the accuracy over the whole set. Bias toward structures used to develop the library was minimal, probably because of the extensive use of cross-validation. However, helix positions were better predicted by the PHD program. The method is likely to be sensitive to the quality of the sequence alignment. A general measure for evaluating local structure predictions is suggested.