Feature space resampling for protein conformational search

TitleFeature space resampling for protein conformational search
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsBlum, B., Jordan M. I., & Baker D.
JournalProteins
Volume78
Issue6
Pagination1583-93
Date Published2010 May 1
ISSN1097-0134
KeywordsAlgorithms, Databases, Protein, Primary Publication, Protein Structure, Secondary, Proteins
Abstract

De novo protein structure prediction requires location of the lowest energy state of the polypeptide chain among a vast set of possible conformations. Powerful approaches include conformational space annealing, in which search progressively focuses on the most promising regions of conformational space, and genetic algorithms, in which features of the best conformations thus far identified are recombined. We describe a new approach that combines the strengths of these two approaches. Protein conformations are projected onto a discrete feature space which includes backbone torsion angles, secondary structure, and beta pairings. For each of these there is one "native" value: the one found in the native structure. We begin with a large number of conformations generated in independent Monte Carlo structure prediction trajectories from Rosetta. Native values for each feature are predicted from the frequencies of feature value occurrences and the energy distribution in conformations containing them. A second round of structure prediction trajectories are then guided by the predicted native feature distributions. We show that native features can be predicted at much higher than background rates, and that using the predicted feature distributions improves structure prediction in a benchmark of 28 proteins. The advantages of our approach are that features from many different input structures can be combined simultaneously without producing atomic clashes or otherwise physically inviable models, and that the features being recombined have a relatively high chance of being correct.

Alternate JournalProteins
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