Analysis of anisotropic side-chain packing in proteins and application to high-resolution structure prediction

TitleAnalysis of anisotropic side-chain packing in proteins and application to high-resolution structure prediction
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsMisura, K. M. S., Morozov A. V., & Baker D.
JournalJournal of molecular biology
Volume342
Issue2
Pagination651-64
Date Published2004 Sep 10
ISSN0022-2836
KeywordsAmino Acids, Anisotropy, Primary Publication, Protein Conformation, Proteins, Thermodynamics
Abstract

pi-pi, Cation-pi, and hydrophobic packing interactions contribute specificity to protein folding and stability to the native state. As a step towards developing improved models of these interactions in proteins, we compare the side-chain packing arrangements in native proteins to those found in compact decoys produced by the Rosetta de novo structure prediction method. We find enrichments in the native distributions for T-shaped and parallel offset arrangements of aromatic residue pairs, in parallel stacked arrangements of cation-aromatic pairs, in parallel stacked pairs involving proline residues, and in parallel offset arrangements for aliphatic residue pairs. We then investigate the extent to which the distinctive features of native packing can be explained using Lennard-Jones and electrostatics models. Finally, we derive orientation-dependent pi-pi, cation-pi and hydrophobic interaction potentials based on the differences between the native and compact decoy distributions and investigate their efficacy for high-resolution protein structure prediction. Surprisingly, the orientation-dependent potential derived from the packing arrangements of aliphatic side-chain pairs distinguishes the native structure from compact decoys better than the orientation-dependent potentials describing pi-pi and cation-pi interactions.

Alternate JournalJ. Mol. Biol.
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